product of the stream this night =3
product of the stream this night =3
Are you ready for Eddy?
And be ready
World War One began on July 28, 1914, exactly one month after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne. As Austria-Hungary, determined to respond to the assassination, moved into Serbia (which Russia immediately mobilized to defend), Germany invaded Belgium before moving towards France, causing Great Britain to declare war on Germany and its allies. In less than a week, all of the world’s superpowers, with the exception of the United States, was at war.
The Central Powers were comprised of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. The Allied Powers consisted of the rest of the majority of Europe, leade by Great Britian, France, Russia, and, eventually, the United States of America. The U.S. joined the war in 1917, after intercepting the Zimmerman telegram. The telegram was a request from Germany to Mexico asking the Mexican government to declare war on the United States.
The Great War ended on November 11, 1918. Over 9 million soldiers and an estimated 7 million civlians lost their lives in the war. Considered the first “modern” war, it is thought to be one of the bloodiest wars in history.
July 1914 was the month that changed the world, but who were the people that contributed to that change? A political infographic of Who’s Who in the outbreak of World War I.
1916 private soldier, Battle of the Somme
A photographer, Thom Atkinson, has documented 13 military kits in a series called ‘Soldiers Inventories’. I’ve picked a few to share with you guys over a couple of posts so they can be enjoyed individually, in all their glory. It will also show which are the most popular kits.
By its very nature, war requires a soldier to be prepared for every possible eventuality. The sheer amount of gear that is demanded by this level of preparedness means good pack configuration is a necessity. It is really interesting to see how a soldiers carry has developed over time, so I encourage you all to check out the full set here.
- Hob nail boots
- Puttees (for binding trousers around lower legs)
- Shirt and vest
- Gas mask container
- Gas mask
- Non Commissioned ranks hat
- Notebook and service warrant card
- Battledress tunic – note stripes on sleeve denote rank
- Mess tins
- Tin opener and can of food, appears to be tinned stewed apple
- Oxo cubes
- Bar of chocolate
- Bar of soap
- Water flask
- Leather belt with leather pouches for kit
- Longjohn under garments, battledress trousers and braces
- Boot polish and two brushes
- Dog tags – imprinted with name, rank and service number
- Trench club – for breaking heavy ground for trenching into and for fighting the enemy at close quarters
- Entrenching tool handle; often the handle was customised with lumps of metal and made into a trench club
- Leather pouch for entrenching tool
- Field dressing
- Cigarettes and matches
- Mess kit containing knife, fork spoon, shaving brush, soap and brass button polisher (slid underneath battledress button to protect BD from polish)
- Gun oil
- Cloth for pull-through for cleaning barrels internally
- Ammunition belt, containing clips of bullets
- Penknife and pull through cord
- Entrenching tool spade; sometimes soldiers sharpened the edges of the spade and used these to fight
- Lee Enfield 303 bolt action rifle. It was developed at the beginning of the twentieth century as an attempt to create a standard rifle for both the infantry and soldiers on horseback. As it turned out it was ideally suited to conditions in the trenches – it wasn’t good at firing over long distances, but was really robust and could stand up to the mud. It was still used right up into the 1950s.
- Bayonet – to be attached to fore end of rifle
- Helmet – with cover
- Fob watch, personal effects. Officers tended to have pocket watches more so than infantry soldiers
- Coins – possibly local francs or similar, personal effects
- Scabbard for bayonet, worn on leather belt around waist over hip
- 5 round ammunition clips – ready to load magazine of 303 rifle
Louis Raemaekers (Dutch, 1869–1956) - The Harvest is Ripe, 1916 WWI Cartoon
Lys Area, France. 1918. A former British Army defence position in front of Armentieres after its capture by the German Army.